Who cares?
Care work and women’s labor market outcomes
in Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon

This Report was produced as part of the Mashreq Gender Facility (MGF). This is a 5-year Facility (2019-2024) that provides technical assistance to Iraq, Jordan and Lebanon to enhance women’s economic empowerment and opportunities as a catalyst towards more inclusive, sustainable, and peaceful societies, where economic growth benefits all. Working with the private sector, civil society organizations and development partners, the MGF supports government-led efforts, country level priorities and strategic regional activities that: (i) Strengthen the enabling environment for women’s economic participation; and, (ii) Improve women’s access to economic opportunities.

The MGF is a World Bank - IFC initiative in collaboration with the governments of Canada and Norway. It is mainly supported by the Umbrella Facility for Gender Equality (UFGE) with contributions from the governments of Australia, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, the United States, and The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

This report was written by a team led by Silvia Redaelli and S Anukriti with core team members including Sandra Paola Buitrago Hernandez and Tala Ismail. Miriam Muller, Matthew Wai-Poi, Nistha Sinha, Jonna Lundvall, Shereen Abbadi, Angela Elzir Assy, Uche Eseosa Ekhator-Mobayode, Rose Khattar, Nour Al Moghrabi, Gharam Alkastalani Dexter, Samantha Constant, Gladys C. Lopez-Acevedo and Suhair Murad Al-Zubairi provided key inputs. This report was produced under the overall guidance of Saroj Jha, Jean-Christophe Carret and Hans Hoogeveen. The team is also grateful for valuable advice from Caren Grown, Kathleen Beegle, Lourdes Rodriguez Chamussy and Frances Mary Beaton-Day.

The report was edited by Aldo Morri and translated by Viv89iane Akiki and Nour Al Moghrabi. Nabeel Darweesh led communication and messaging efforts for the report’s launch and dissemination.
Design is by Saif Al-Fakhori.
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